Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease where the body attacks its own joints, causing pain, stiffness, and swelling. It is a chronic condition, meaning that it typically does not go away, but can be managed with treatment.
Affects individuals worldwide
RA affects 1.3 million American adults, and women are three times as likely as men to develop the disease. It can affect people of any age although it is most common in those between 40 and 70 years old. Symptoms of RA can vary from person to person, but typically involve joint pain and stiffness, particularly in the wrists and fingers, as well as swollen, red, and warm joints. Other symptoms can include fatigue, fever, weight loss, and appetite loss.
Combination of genetics and environment
The exact cause of RA is unknown, but it is believed to be a combination of genetics and environment. Genetics play a large role in the risk of developing RA, and certain genes have been found to increase the risk of developing the disease. The environment may also be a factor, as exposure to certain toxins has been linked to an increased risk of developing the disease.
Diagnosed by a medical professional
RA is typically diagnosed by a medical professional, such as a rheumatologist, through physical exams and lab tests. Imaging tests, such as X-rays or MRIs, may also be used to diagnose the disease. Additionally, doctors may ask patients to perform a “swelling test” by pressing on various joints to check for swelling or tenderness.
Treatments available to reduce symptoms and help manage the disease
While there is no cure for RA, there are treatments available to reduce symptoms and help manage the disease. Treatment typically includes medications to reduce inflammation and control pain, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), steroids, and disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). Exercise and physical therapy can also help to manage pain and prevent joint damage from RA. Additionally, lifestyle changes can help reduce stress and fatigue, such as regular exercise and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption.
Rheumatoid Arthritis is a chronic, autoimmune disease that can cause significant pain and discomfort. While there is no cure for RA, treatments are available to help manage the disease and reduce symptoms. Understanding RA and its important facts is essential for finding the best treatment for an individual’s needs.
Type of medication
Olumiant baricitinib 4mg is a type of medication that is used to treat certain types of rheumatoid arthritis. It belongs to a class of drugs known as Janus kinase inhibitors, which help to reduce inflammation in the body by blocking certain enzymes involved in the inflammatory process. While Baricitinib has been demonstrated to be an effective treatment option for rheumatoid arthritis, there are still a few potential side effects that patients should discuss with their healthcare provider.
Effects to be taken with care
The most common side effects of Baricitinib include upper respiratory tract infections, headache, nausea, and diarrhea. Upper respiratory tract infections occur when there is an infection in the upper airway such as in the throat, sinuses, or lungs. Headache is often described as a dull, aching pain that can vary in intensity and may be associated with other symptoms such as dizziness and nausea. Diarrhea is characterized by loose stools that occur more frequently than usual, and it can range from mild to severe. Nausea is the feeling of having an upset stomach that is often accompanied by dizziness and vomiting.
Other less common effects
Other less common side effects include stomach pain, hair loss, rash, dizziness, and fatigue. Stomach pain can range from mild to severe and may be accompanied by other digestive symptoms such as bloating, gas, constipation, or heartburn. Hair loss is another side effect of Baricitinib and can range from mild shedding to complete balding. A rash usually occurs as a red, itchy, or scaly rash on the skin and can be accompanied by other symptoms such as swelling, blisters, and pain. Dizziness is a feeling of unsteadiness or light-headedness and can be accompanied by other symptoms such as difficulty concentrating, fatigue, and nausea. Lastly, fatigue is a feeling of excessive tiredness that can range from mild to severe and can interfere with one’s daily activities.
- What is RA?
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease where the body attacks its own joints, causing pain, stiffness, and swelling.
- How many people does it affect?
RA affects 1.3 million American adults.
- How is it diagnosed?
physical exams and lab tests. Imaging tests, such as X-rays or MRIs, may also be used to diagnose the disease.