Things to Know about Mount Everest | Explore Now

Qomolangma, Everest’s Tibetan name, means “Holy Mother.” Everest is known in Nepal as Sagarmatha, which means “Goddess of the Sky.”


If Mount Everest, which is at 28 degrees latitude, was at Denali’s latitude, everyone would have to use bottled oxygen to ascend (63 degrees). Everest would appear to be nearly 1,000 meters taller. This is owing to the fact that as latitude and altitude increase, air density drops.


The two most common routes to the summit are from Nepal’s southeast (the most common) and Tibet’s north. There are at least 18 different options available.

Tallest mountain

The tallest peak on Earth, not Everest, is Hawaii’s Mauna Kea volcano (4,207m). From its base at the ocean’s bottom to its summit, the mountain stands at a height of 10,200 metres.

Also See: Everest Base Camp Trek

Plants & Animals

On Everest, just one type of moss survives at a height of above 6,400 metres. As a result of climate change, the moss is increasingly expanding its habitat. At 7,920 metres, a chough bird was observed, and George Lowe documented a flock of bar-headed geese passing over the top in 1953. A little black jumping spider has been discovered on the ground at 6,700 metres.

country belong to?

Because it is on the border between Nepal and China, Mount Everest is shared by both countries. They’re also located on the same ridge.

First to reach

On May 29, 1953, Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay became the first to reach the top of Everest. They never mentioned who was the first to reach the top.

Did Mallory & Irvine summit?

Climbers have argued since 1924 about whether George Mallory and Andrew Irvine reached the summit of Everest before disappearing. Rather than Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay, the British pair would have been the first to climb Everest. Their teammate Noel Odell noticed two black dots moving near the top at a height of 7,900 metres. The exact location has been a source of much speculation. Conrad Anker attempted to free climb the Second Step in 1999, the year he and his group discovered Mallory’s death, but the 5.10 pitch was too difficult for Mallory. But the dispute rages on, at least until someone discovers the duo’s long-lost camera, which may have a shot of the summit.

First lady

Junko Tabei of Japan climbed Mount Everest on the 22nd time on May 16, 1975, 22 years after Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay. Despite being part of an all-female team, Tabei was the only one who made it to the top. She had almost perished 12 days before when an avalanche buried her near Advanced Base Camp. She was rescued in time by Sherpas.

Bottled oxygen

In 1978, Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler became the first people to reach the summit without using supplemental oxygen. Two years later, Messner returned, this time without the need of bottled oxygen. Messner later stated, “Climbing Everest solo was the most challenging thing I’ve ever done.” He lingered on the peak for 40 minutes. In 1922, George Mallory, Howard Somervell, and Edward Norton climbed to a height of 8,225 metres without using oxygen, which they considered unsporting.


Yuichiro Miura, a Japanese climber, is the oldest person to reach the summit of Everest. In 2013, he achieved the height of his career at the age of 80.

Shortest age

Jordan Romero, who conquered Everest at the age of 13 years and 10 months in 2010, owns the record for the youngest person to do so, while Indian Poorna Malavath, who ascended at the age of 13 years and 11 months in 2014, holds the record for the youngest woman to do so.

Fastest ascent

In 2004, Pemba Dorje Sherpa set a new record for the fastest ascent from Base Camp to Summit, taking 8 hours and 10 minutes with supplemental oxygen.

With a time of 26 hours, Kilian Jornet of Spain holds the record for the quickest ascent without the assistance of bottled oxygen or fixed ropes. The next week, he summited for the second time in 17 hours, this time without oxygen, from Advanced Base Camp (6,500m).

Hans Kammerlander did ABC to summit without bottled O2 in approximately the same time as Jornet on May 24, 1996: 16 hours and 45 minutes. Because he did not start from BC, Kammerlander’s outstanding performance does not count as a full summit.

Also See: Guide about Hampta Pass Trek

Women who are the fastest

Tsang Yin-hung, 44, of Hong Kong, set the women’s speed record earlier this year with the help of bottled oxygen and Sherpas, finishing in 25 hours and 50 minutes.

Environmentally strategy

A few years back, Kim Chang-Ho set the 148,000m world record with a time of 7 years, 10 months, and 6 days. In his No-O2 Everest adventure, he used an environmentally conscious strategy, taking 60 days to reach Base Camp by kayak, bicycle, and foot. Nowadays, such feats frequently necessitate the use of oxygen and helicopter rides between peaks.

Goran Kropp

In 1996, Goran Kropp, a strange but successful Swedish explorer, cycled from Sweden to Everest. Then he went solo, without the benefit of bottled oxygen or Sherpa support. Kropp died in 2002 following an 18-meter fall while day climbing in Washington State.

First Summit

The first tweet was sent from the summit of Everest by British climber Kenton Cool (who has ascended the world’s highest mountain 15 times). There was just 3G available at the time. The ascents may now be viewed live online thanks to technological developments.


Marco Siffredi made history in 2001 when he became the first snowboarder to descend Everest’s North Face via the Norton Couloir. He still retains the record for the fastest snowboard descent from the summit to Advanced Base Camp: 2.5 hours, at a height of 6,400 metres. Siffredi died a year later while trying to snowboard down Everest’s Hornbein Couloir.


In 2013, Indian twins Tashi and Nungshi Malik became the first to summit Everest together. They are also the first siblings and twins to climb the Seven Summits. They also went to the North and South Poles together on last-degree trips.

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